During the past two centuries, consequence-based and duty-based ethical theories have tended to… 2 answers below »

Write minimum 700 words for each of the short-essay questions. All questions are of equal value (25 marks each). You should provide credible references for each question according to the Faculty guidelines. Although there is no rigid maximum word limit, around 900 words maximum, per question will be appropriate.

Question 1

The following HuffPost article discusses how gadgets such as smartphones legally collect enormous amount of personal data.

https://www.huffingtonpost.com.au/entry/iphone-legal-facts_n_6787876?section=australia

Identify the key ethical issue associated with such data collection. Conduct additional research about it and write a short report presenting an analys of this ethical issue, using the philosophical ethics perspective.

Question 2
“… codes inspire members of the profession by ‘identifying values and ideals’ to which members can aspire.” (Tavani, 2016)
Study the Australian Computer Society Code of Ethics and the associated Code of Professional Conduct. Discuss how the ACS Code of Ethics may or may not achieve the above purpose.

Question 3
“During the past two centuries, consequence-based and duty-based ethical theories have tended to receive the most attention from philosophers and ethicists. However, other kinds of ethical theories, such as those that emphasize criteria involving social contracts and individual rights, have recently begun to receive some serious attention as well.” (Tavani, 2016)
Do you think, the Contract-based ethical theory serves any real purpose in the context of solving an ethical dilemma? Discuss using suitable examples.

RATIONALE

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This assessment task will assess the following learning outcome/s:

  • be able to discuss various philosophical theories of ethics and how these relate to the ethical and legal issues raised by current practices involving ICT.
  • be able to apply ethical theories and concepts to analyse ICT related ethical dilemmas.
  • be able to discuss professionalism and professional responsibility in the context of the ICT profession.
  • be able to critically analyse and apply the various concepts of professional ethics.

MARKING CRITERIA AND STANDARDS

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Criteria

HD 85%-100%

DI 75% -84%

CR 65%-74%

PS 64%-50%

FL 0%-49%

Able to apply ethical theories and concepts to analyse ICT related ethical dilemmas

Demonstrates comprehensive understanding of the relevant ethical perspectives. Correct application of the ethical perspective through in-depth discussion with analysis of theories, concepts, providing highly relevant real world examples.

Demonstrates clear understanding of the relevant ethical perspectives. Correct application of the ethical perspective and mostly comprehensive analysis with suitable examples.

Correct application of the ethical perspective and mostly comprehensive analysis with suitable examples.

Mostly correct application of the ethical perspective; includes reasonable level of analysis. Some omission.

Major omissions in the application of the ethical perspective and the analysis.

Demonstrates application of research skills through the critical analysis and evaluation of relevant literature

Literature and sources presented is evidence of high level application of research skills; with comprehensive and critical appraisal of the literature and discussion of theory supported by sources in addition to those recommended in the course content. Referencing style has no mistakes.

Clear evidence of research relevant to the subject; able to critically appraise the literature and theory gained from a variety of sources. Referencing style correctly used.

Clear evidence of research relevant to the subject; uses indicative texts identified. Referencing style correctly used. Minor omissions only.

Some evidence of research. Some mistake in referencing style.

Either no evidence of literature being consulted or cited references irrelevant to the assignment set.

Demonstrates a critical interrogation of the relationship between academic theories, professional practice and provide a logical and independent conclusion.

A comprehensive and critical point of view demonstrates a high level of critical interrogation and synthesis of issues and perspectives that inform the discussion of ethics and your professional practice. Ideas are skillfully integrated into a discussion providing a deep understanding of theory, practice and ethics. The conclusion leaves the reader with a memorable final point or provides a strong statement of the writer’s critical position.

A well-expressed critical point of view that demonstrates a well-informed framework and synthesis of the issues and perspectives related to the discussion of ethics and professional practice. The argument or viewpoint presented is clearly demonstrated through multiple linkages between theory, practice and ethics. Good development shown in summary of arguments in the conclusion based in theory/literature.

Evidence of findings and conclusions grounded in theory/literature.

Limited evidence of findings and conclusions supported by theory/literature.

Unsubstantiated/ invalid conclusions based on anecdote and generalisation only, or no conclusions at all.

Written communication is scholarly in tone and purpose, and conforms to scholarly writing requirements.

The tone and style is exemplary, and is appropriate to the content of the scholarly review.

Mostly Fluent writing style appropriate for the assignment with accurate grammar and spelling.

Mostly fluent writing style appropriate for the assignment with mostly accurate grammar and spelling. Minor omissions only.

Writing style not always fluent or well organised and grammar and spelling contain errors.

Writing style not fluent or well-organised, and many grammatical and spelling mistakes.

REQUIREMENTS
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All sources of information must be appropriately referenced using the APA style ( http://student.csu.edu.au/library/integrity/referencing-at-csu )

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