Essay Examination 1,
Part 1: For each item, fill in the missing term or terms. Each response is worth 2 points.
1. The Triennial Act required King Charles I to convene Parliament every three years.
2. Trouser-wearing members of a revolutionary uprising of the French working class were called the Sans-culottes
3. Three laws of planetary motion developed by Johannes Kepler advanced the science of _astronomy.
4. In England, poorhouses housed totally destitute people at public expense and resembled the conditions of the first factories.
5. With the growth of Spanish colonies in the New World, Genoese and Venetians merchants became important players in the Atlantic slave trade.
6. The invention of the gunpowder weapons gave Europe an immense military advantage.
7. The Peace of Utrecht ended the War of Spanish Succession in the early 1700s.
8. After 1815, the quest for national self-determination posed a grave threat to the Austrian Empire with its many and potentially dissatisfied nationalities.
9. Japanese warlords were called daimyo, while those who were allowed to carry swords were called samurai.
10. Tariff Protection, or laying high taxes on imported goods, was one way the European government supported and aided its own economy during industrialization.
Part 2: Respond to each of the following with one, but no more than three complete sentences. Each response is worth 4 points.
1. What liberal principles were asserted when the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen was declared by the National Assembly in August 1789?
2. What was Francis Bacon’s contribution to the scientific revolution?
3. Who was William Cockerill?
4. Throughout the seventeenth century, what was the relationship between Hungary and the Habsburg Empire?
The Hungarian nobility of reduced strenght effectively thwarted the full development of Habsburg absolutism ( p. 503).
5. What was the Zollverein?
German alliance to control customs, stimulate trade and manage economic policies(p.727).
6. What was the Middle Passage during the transatlantic slave trade?
7. What was a caravel?
A caravel was a small sailing ship developed by the Portuguese in the 15th century, which was lighter and more maneuverable than the galley, and when fitted with canyons could dominate larger vessels.
8. What effect did the boom in the demand for rubber have on Africa’s European colonies?
Rubber surpassed ivory as the major producer in the area, and its high demand caused an increase in violence and brutality towards Africans (p. 758).
9. With respect to slavery, how did the Mughal Empire differ from the Safavid and Ottoman Empires?
10. What was the role of civil service examinations in Ming China?
Part 3: Respond to each item in a complete, concise paragraph. Each response is worth 10 points.
1. Briefly discuss the nature and history of the Puritan Protectorate.
2. Discuss the ways non-Muslims were treated in the Islamic world.
3. Describe daily life and consumption in eighteenth- century Europe during the Enlightenment and how it affected modern Western life.