Write 2 page essay on the topic HIV/AIDS. In 1999, scientists discovered that the original source of

Write 2 page essay on the topic HIV/AIDS. In 1999, scientists discovered that the original source of the virus in nature is a species of chimpanzee native to West Africa (NIH, 1999), and suggested that HIV was introduced into humans when hunters in the area were exposed to infected blood. This is significant because infected chimpanzees can be studied in the wild to discover why they don’t get sick from the virus, which may help in developing new treatments and possibly even a vaccine.The World Health Organization estimates that there are currently just over 40 million adults and children infected with HIV (WHO, 2005), with 1.2 million of these living in the United States, and 25.8 million in Sub-Saharan Africa. 4.9 million new infections are estimated to have occurred in 2005, and 3.1 million are estimated to have died from AIDS-related illnesses in the same year, with a total of 25 million have died as a result of AIDS infection since the disease was recognized in 1981. Women are increasingly affected by the disease, with one million more women infected in 2005 than in 2003. HIV is no longer a death sentence in the Western world. For people such as 15-year-old Raven Lopez, it is “little more than a footnote” (Interview with Raven Lopez, 2005). Raven is an American teenager who contracted AIDS from her mother. She is matter-of-fact about her status, and after a long period of adjustment has accepted it as part of her life. She dates and plans for her future like any other teenage girl, and she is optimistic about her life and coping with being HIV-positive.

 

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